Surveys & Data

APDIM Surveys

The Alliance launches an annual survey each August for completion by APDIM residency program directors, as well as an occasional spring survey when timely or critical issues affecting graduate medical education arise. Survey development is overseen by the APDIM Survey and Scholarship Committee with contributions from the APDIM membership and input from Council.

Data collected by APDIM surveys are used to help members better understand and advance their profession by informing organizational policies and initiatives, and by publishing analyses of the results in medical education journals or presenting those results at professional conferences such as Academic Internal Medicine Week (presentation and summary results files are available below). Survey results also are used to develop resources such as guidelines and “FAQ documents” available at the Alliance website.

APDIM survey data collection is managed by Alliance Surveys staff. The Alliance will never disclose your or your institution’s identity in any reporting of survey results, all Alliance research surveys are submitted to an institutional review board (IRB) for compliance with human subjects research protections, and Surveys staff hold valid certificates in human subjects research training.

If you have questions about an APDIM survey or if you did not receive a survey email invitation that you were expecting, contact The Alliance uses the Qualtrics Surveys platform; to ensure that you receive email survey invitations from Qualtrics, please ask your information technology staff to add "” to your institution’s email “safe senders” list. Alliance survey email invitations always include opt-out links, should you prefer not to participate in a specific survey. 

Goals & History of the APDIM Survey

APDIM has been surveying its members since 1999 and annually since 2005. This effort has resulted in educational scholarship and generalizable knowledge about internal medicine residencies in the United States. 

The APDIM Annual Survey of Program Directors has several main goals:

  • Answer questions that are important to APDIM membership regarding policy and educational changes affecting internal medicine residency training.
  • Provide a longitudinal database to assess trends over time related to internal medicine training.
  • Facilitate research in residency education by conducting a national annual census of internal medicine residency program directors on topics of relevant to residency training.
  • Reduce survey burden of residency program directors by consolidating surveys and merging APDIM survey data with nationally available data on metrics related to residency programs.

APDIM Survey Publications

Windish DM, Catalanotti JS, Zaas A. et al.Training in Safe Opioid Prescribing and Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder in Internal Medicine Residencies: a National Survey of Program Directors. J GEN INTERN MED (2021).

LoPresti CM, Schnobrich D, Novak W, Fondahn E, Bardowell R, O'Connor AB, … & Soni NJ. (2021). Current Point of care Ultrasound Use and Training Among Internal Medicine Residency Programs from the 2020 APDIM Program Director's Survey.The American Journal of Medicine, S0002-9343.

Simmons R, Ortiz J, Kisielewski M, Zaas A,  Finn KM. Virtual Recruitment: Experiences and Perspectives of Internal Medicine Program Directors. 2021. American Journal of Medicine AAIM Perspectives. Published Nov 6, 2021.

Reddy, ST, M Kisielewski, LL Willett, S Wahi-Gururaj, VM Arora, FS McDonald, H Kaushal, S Chaudhry. Where Do International Medical Graduates Matriculate for Internal Medicine Training? A National Longitudinal Study. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2021.

Fletcher KE, O’Connor AB, Kisielewski M, Willett LL. Why Do Residency Program Directors Consider Resigning? A Mixed-Methods Analysis of a National Program Director Survey. Am J Med. 2020;133(2): 761-767.

AL Marshall, AJ Halvorsen, L Kearns, L Reich, CP West, and AS Oxentenko. Disparities in Salary and Work-Life Integration in Internal Medicine Program Directors Are Associated with Gender and Partner Employment Status. The American Journal of Medicine, Vol 134, No 2, February 2021.

JS Catalanotti, AB O’Connor, M Kisielewski, DA Chick, and KE Fletcher. Barriers to Accessing Nighttime Supervisors: a National Survey of Internal Medicine Residents. J Gen Intern Med. 2021. Jan 28. [Note: Survey questions developed by APDIM Survey Committee for inclusion in the 2017 American College of Physicians 2017 Internal Medicine In-Training Examination (IM-ITE) Resident Questionnaire.]

Finn KM, Halvorsen AJ, Chaudhry S, Desai S, Dupras D, Reddy S, Wahi-Gururaj S, Willett L, Zaas AK. Does Increased Schedule Flexibility Lead to Change? A National Survey of Program Directors on 2017 Work Hours Requirements. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Aug 31. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06109-1. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32869195.

Catalanotti JS, O’Connor AB, Kisielewski M, Chick DA, Fletcher KE. Association Between Nocturnist Supervision and Perceived Overnight Supervision Adequacy Among Internal Medicine Residents in the US. JAMA. 2020;323(14):1407–1409. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0875. Available here. [Note: Survey questions developed by APDIM Survey Committee for inclusion in the 2017 American College of Physicians 2017 Internal Medicine In-Training Examination (IM-ITE) Resident Questionnaire.]

Finn KM, Zaas AK, McDonald FS, Melfe M, Kisielewski, M, and Willett, LL. 2019. Misinterpretation of the American Board of Internal Medicine Leave Policies for Resident Physicians Around Parental Leave. Annals of Internal Medicine 24 December.

Sweet ML, Williams CM, Stewart E, Chudgar SM, Angus SV, Kisielewski M, and Willett LL. 2019. Internal Medicine Residency Program Responses to the Increase of Residency Applications: Differences by Program Type and Characteristics. Journal of Graduate Medical Education: December 2019, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 698-703.

O'Connor AB, Halvorsen AJ, Cmar JM, et al. Internal Medicine Residency Program Director Burnout and Program Director Turnover: Results of a National Survey. Am J Med 2019 Feb;132(2):252-261. 

Roddy JT, Arora VM, Chaudhry SI, et al. The prevalence and implications of copy and paste: internal medicine program director perspectives. J Gen Intern Med 2018 Dec;33(12):2032-2033

Chacko KM, Reddy S, Kisielewski M, et al. Post interview Communications: Two Surveys of Internal Medicine Residency Program Directors Before and After Guideline Implementation.Acad Med. 2018 Sep;93(9):1367-1373.

Ricotta DN, Smith CC, McSparron JI, et al. When Old Habits Train a New Generation: Findings From a National Survey of Internal Medicine Program Directors on Procedural Training. Am J Med Qual. 2018 Jul;33(4):383-390.

Chacko KM, Halvorsen AJ, Swenson SL, et al. US Internal Medicine Program Director Perceptions of Alignment of Graduate Medical Education and Institutional Resources for Engaging Residents in Quality and Safety. Am J Med Qual. 2018 Jul;33(4):405-412.

Ayyala MS, Chaudhry S, Windish D, et al.Awareness of Bullying in Residency: Results of a National Survey of Internal Medicine Program Directors. J Grad Med Educ. 2018 Apr;10(2):209-213.

Wittich CM, Agrawal A, Wang AT, Halvorsen AJ, Mandrekar JN, Chaudhry S, Dupras DM, Oxentenko AS, Beckman TJ. Flipped Classrooms in Graduate Medical Education: A National Survey of Residency Program Directors. Acad Med. 2017 Jun 20. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000001776. [Epub ahead of print] Read Abstract »

Wittich CM, Agrawal A, Cook DA, Halvorsen AJ, Mandrekar JN, Chaudhry S, Dupras DM, Oxentenko AS, Beckman TJ. E-learning in graduate medical education: survey of residency program directors. BMC Med Educ. 2017 Jul 11;17(1):114. doi: 10.1186/s12909-017-0953-9. View Full Text »

Angus SV, Vu TR, Willett LL, Call S, Halvorsen AJ, Chaudhry S. Internal Medicine Residency Program Directors' Views of the Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency: An Opportunity to Enhance Communication of Competency Along the Continuum. Acad Med. 2017 Jun;92(6):785-791. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000001419. Read Abstract »

Willett L, Halvorsen AJ, Adams M, Chacko K, Chaudhry S, McDonald FS, Oxentenko AS, Swenson SL, Zaas A, Arora VM. Residency program associations with declining pass rates on American Board of Internal Medicine Examination. Am J Med. September 2016. Epub Ahead of Print »

Willett LL, Halvorsen AJ, McDonald FS, Chaudhry SI, Arora VM. Gender differences in salary of internal medicine residency directors: a national survey. Am J Med. 2015 Jun;128(6):659-65. View Full Text »

Chaudhry SI, Lien C, Ehrlich J, Lane S, Cordasco K, McDonald FS, Arora VM, Steinmann A. Curricular content of internal medicine residency programs: a nationwide report. Am J Med. 2014 Dec;127(12):1247-54. View Full Text »

Angus S, Adams M, Willett LL, Swenson SL, Chaudhry SI, Halvorsen AJ, Arora V, McDonald FS. The New Internal Medicine Fellowship Match Timeline: A Change in the Right Direction.  Am J Med. 2014;127(11):1132-1136. View Full Text »

Adams M, Willett LL, Wahi-Gururaj S, Halvorsen AJ, Angus SV. Usefulness of the ACGME resident survey: a view from internal medicine program directors. Am J Med. 2014 Apr;127(4):351-355. View Full Text »

Pauline W. Chen, MD. Are Med School Grads Prepared to Practice Medicine?. The New York Times; 24  Apr. 2014.web. View Full text »

Patel MS, Reed DA, Loertscher L, McDonald FS, Arora VM. Teaching Residents to Provide Cost Conscious Care A National Survey of Residency Program Directors. JAMA Intern Med. 2014; 174(3):470-472. View Full Text »

Angus S, Vu TR, Halvorsen AJ, Aiyer M, McKown K, Chmielewski AF, McDonald FS. What Skills Should New Internal Medicine Interns Have in July? A National Survey of Internal Medicine Residency Program Directors. Academic Medicine: 2014; 89(3): 432–435. View Full Text »

Brummond A, Sefcik S, Halvorsen AJ, Chaudhry S, Arora V, Adams M, Lucarelli M,  McDonald FS,, Reed DA. Recruitment Costs: A National Survey of Internal Medicine Program Directors. Published Online: May 20, 2013. View Full Text »

West CP, Halvorsen AJ, Swenson SL, McDonald FS. Burnout and distress among internal medicine program directors: results of a national survey. J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Aug; 28(8):1056-6.3 View Full Text »

Adams M, Morrison TB, Call SA, Halvorsen AJ, Moore J, Lucarelli M, Angus SV, McDonald FS. Changes in the National Residency Matching Program Policy: Are Internal Medicine Program Directors “All-In”?. JGME. 2012 June;4(2):148-153. View Full Text »

Dupras DM, Edson RS, Halvorsen AJ, Hopkins RH, McDonald FS. “Problem residents”: prevalence, problems and remediation in the era of core competencies. Am J Med. 2012;125(4):421-425. View Full Text »

Mueller SK, Call SA, McDonald FS, Halvorsen AJ, Schnipper JL, Hicks LS. Impact of resident workload and handoff training on patient outcomes. Am J Med.2012;125(1):104-110. View Full Text »

Chaudhry SI, Khanijo S, Halvorsen AJ, McDonald FS, Patel K. Accountability and transparency in graduate medical education expenditures. Am J Med.  2012;125(5):517-522. View Full Text »

Kolars JC, Halvorsen AJ, McDonald FS.  Internal medicine residency directors perspectives on global health experiences. Am J Med.  2011;124(9):881-885. View Full Text »

Willett LL, Arora V, Halvorsen AJ, Chacko KM, Chaudhry S, McDonald FS.  Challenges with duty hour reforms:  a survey of residency program directors. Am J Med.  2011;124(4):370-378. View Full Text »

Record J, Beasley B, McDonald FS, Wright S. Major concerns about internal medicine:  insights from program directors. South Med J.  2011; 104(2):89-94. Read Abstract »

Loertscher LL, Halvorsen AJ, Beasley BW, Holmboe ES, Kolars JC, McDonald FS. Pharmaceutical industry support and residency education: a survey of internal medicine program directors. Arch Intern Med. 2010 Feb;170(4):356-62.  Read Abstract »

Zebrack JR, Fletcher KE, Beasley BW, Whittle J. Ambulatory training since duty hour regulations: a survey of program directors. Am J Med. 2010 Jan;123(1):89-94. View Full Text »

Beasley BW, McBride J, McDonald FS. Hospitalist involvement in internal medicine residencies. J Hosp Med. 2009 Oct 12;4(8):471-475.  Read Abstract »

Singh D, McDonald FS, Beasley BW. Demographic and work-life study of chief residents: a survey of the program directors in internal medicine residency programs in the United States. JGME. 2009 Sept;1(1):150-154. Read Abstract »

Hinchey KT, McDonald FS, Beasley BW. Sources of satisfaction: a second administration of the program director satisfaction survey. Am J Med. 2009 Feb;122(2):196-201. Read Abstract »

  • Kane GC. Program director satisfaction revisited: an alternate view. Am J Med.2010 Mar;123(3):e15. View Full Text »
  • Hinchey KT, McDonald FS, Beasley BW. The reply. Am J Med. 2010 Mar;123(3):e17. View Full Text »

Chaudhry SI, Caccamese SM, Beasley BW. What predicts residency accreditation cycle length? Results of a national survey. Acad Med. 2009 Mar;84(3):356-61. Read Abstract »

Chaudhry SI, Holmboe E, Beasley BW. The state of evaluation in internal medicine residency. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Jul;23(7):1010-5.  Read Abstract »

Wolfsthal SD, Beasley BW, Kopelman R, Stickley W, Gabryel T, Kahn MJ; Membership Survey and Scientific Data Committee, The Association of Program Directors of Internal Medicine. Benchmarks of support in internal medicine residency training programs. Acad Med. 2002 Jan;77(1):50-6.  Read Abstract »

Call for Annual Survey Section Topic Proposals

The call for the 2023 APDIM Annual Survey question submissions will open in April 2022.